Skin Reactions


An allergen triggers the immune system leading to skin irritations referred to as allergic skin condition. A skin specialist who is referred as dermatologist or allergists, can diagnose which allergic skin condition you might be having, and will give you the right prescription.

Types of Allergic Condition

i. Dermatitis

It is an inflammation of the skin which produces an itchy rash which are scaly and red. There are two types of them namely contact dermatitis & eczema (Atopic Dermatitis).
Eczema is chronic and begins in early childhood and often associated with asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergy. In children the rash appears on scalp, cheeks and chest. Adult has the rash in the skin folds behind the knees or elbows and the dry flaky rash when scratched results to oozing and blisters.
Contact dermatitis occurs when your skin came into contact with a substance and get rashes. The rashes appear in the area of contact like dermatitis to metal such as zippers, jewelry will occur on neck, wrist, waistline and the earlobes. It can be either allergic or irritant. For irritant it occurs when the substance damages the skin while allergic one occurs when red, itchy and blisters appears when you touch poison.

ii. Hives and Angioedema

Hives in medical terms are referred as Urticaria, they are raised skin areas which are itchy and red. They appear in any part of body in various size and they disappear in minutes, hours or a day. There are also chronic ones which might take months or years. Angioedema involves lips, tongue, hands, feet and eye-lids; it is a swelling in the deeper layer of skin. It can occur alone or go along with hives. It causes a tingling sensation, burn and sting.


• Hives and angioedema can be caused by insect sting reactions, food, drugs or bacteria infections.

• Exposure to sunlight, cold, heat, exercise or pressure.

• Eczema can be triggered by sweating, certain type of food, skin staph infection, animal dander or contact with irritants.

• Contact dermatitis can be caused by dyes, latex products, perfumes, nickel or cosmetics.

The treatment will be determined by the cause but in some cases a general measure can be applied.

• Taking of oral antihistamines to relief itchiness.

• Applying compresses, creams and ointments on the skin.

• Eliminate all triggers that aggravate the skin condition.

• Taking corticosteroids or antibiotics.

• Use of calcineurin inhibitors in children older than two years.

• Maintaining good skin care by hydration and moisturizing.
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